Clonidine is a prescription medication commonly used to treat high blood pressure. It is also used in combination with other drugs to treat conditions like attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to Medline Plus. Other uses for the drug include treatment for Tourette’s syndrome, anxiety issues, painful menstruation symptoms, and addiction-related withdrawal. It is often abused in conjunction with other drugs, such as methadone, heroin, and prescription painkillers, according to Everyday Health. The consumption of clonidine results in a decreased heart rate, one of the reasons it is so effective in treating high blood pressure. It relaxes an individual’s blood vessels, creating more room for easier blood flow. Clonidine can also interact with the section of the brain that controls impulsiveness, hence the correlation with ADHD. Clonidine may also have a sedative effect on a person in the short-term, which could lead to difficulty operating a motor vehicle or other machinery. ) is a medication that was originally approved to treat people with high blood pressure. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Kapvay, the extended-release version of clonidine, as a medication for children with ADHD who are 6 to 17 years old to be taken either alone or along with a stimulant medication. However, because of the calming effect it has on the body, clonidine has been found to help people with ADHD symptoms like hyperactivity, impulsivity, aggression, over-arousal, and sleep difficulties. ADHD medications are generally categorized as either stimulants or non-stimulants. Clonidine, which is part of the class of drugs known as centrally acting alpha-agonist hypotensive agents, is considered a non-stimulant treatment for ADHD. Stimulants, also called psychostimulants, are generally the first line, or choice, of medications used to treat ADHD. They're the most prescribed ADHD medications because they're known to be the most effective way to reduce ADHD symptoms like impulsivity, hyperactivity, and inattentiveness. There are two types of stimulants: amphetamine types like Adderall, Vyvanse, and Dexedrine, and methylphenidates like Ritalin, Concerta, and Methylin. Non-stimulant medications are usually prescribed if you can't tolerate stimulant medication because of severe side effects or when a health reason prevents you from being able to take a stimulant, such as having certain psychiatric disorders, sleep disorders, cardiovascular disease, or a history of stimulant abuse.
In the same year, about 11.5 million people were nonmedical users of narcotic pain relievers. If you stop or cut back on these drugs after heavy use of a few weeks or more, you will have a number of symptoms. In 2016 in the United States, about 948,000 people used heroin during the past year. This means they were taking narcotics that were not prescribed to them. Narcotic pain relievers include: These drugs can cause physical dependence. This means that a person relies on the drug to prevent withdrawal symptoms. Over time, more of the drug is needed for the same effect. How long it takes to become physically dependent varies with each person. When the person stops taking the drugs, the body needs time to recover. Withdrawal from opiates can occur any time long-term use is stopped or cut back. Naloxone is poorly absorbed when taken by mouth, so it is commonly combined with a number of oral opioid preparations, including buprenorphine and pentazocine, so that when taken orally, just the opioid has an effect, but if misused by injecting, the naloxone blocks the effect of the opioid. In Germany, tilidine is sold in a fixed combination with naloxone. Naloxone can be used on infants who were exposed to intrauterine opiates administered to mothers during delivery. However, there is insufficient evidence for the use of naloxone to lower cardiorespiratory and neurological depression in these infants. Infants exposed to high concentrations of opiates during pregnancy may have CNS damage in the setting of perinatal asphyxia. Naloxone has been studied to improve outcomes in this population, however the evidence is currently weak. Naloxone is also experimentally used in the treatment for congenital insensitivity to pain with anhidrosis, an extremely rare disorder (one in 125 million) that renders one unable to feel pain or differentiate temperatures.
May 15, 2017. Clonidine tablets Catapres are used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. Clonidine extended-release. Answers question resolved - Posted in bipolar disorder, anxiety - Answer No clonodine is not a narcotic. It is actually a drug for treating.