Azithromycin is used to treat a wide variety of bacterial infections. Unnecessary use or misuse of any antibiotic can lead to its decreased effectiveness. This medication will not work for viral infections (such as common cold, flu). Read the Patient Information Leaflet if available from your pharmacist before you start taking azithromycin and each time you get a refill. If you have any questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist. Take this medication by mouth as directed by your doctor, usually once daily with or without food. You may take this medication with food if stomach upset occurs. The dosage is based on your medical condition and response to treatment. Azithromycin has become a frequent choice for the treatment of group A streptococcal (GAS) tonsillopharyngitis. In this study, our objective was to determine the optimal dose of azithromycin for treatment of GAS tonsillopharyngitis in children and adults by analyzing trials that used different dose regimens. We performed a meta-analysis of randomized, controlled trials that involved bacteriological confirmation of GAS tonsillopharyngitis, random assignment to receive either azithromycin or a 10-day comparator antibiotic, and assessment of bacteriological eradication by throat culture after therapy. The primary outcomes of interest were bacteriological and clinical cure rates. Nineteen trials involving 4626 patients were included in the analysis. One trial used 10-day course of 2 different comparator antibiotics, and 2 trials compared 2 dose regimens of azithromycin with a 10-day course of comparator antibiotic; all other trials compared 1 dose regimen of azithromycin with a single 10-day course of comparator antibiotic. In children, azithromycin administered at 60 mg/kg per course was superior to the 10-day courses of comparators ( = .14); 5-day regimens were inferior to 3-day regimens (P=.006).
Approximately 0.7% of the patients adults and pediatric patients from the 5-day multiple-dose clinical trials discontinued ZITHROMAX azithromycin therapy. Jan 6, 2009. Generic Name Azithromycin multiple manufacturers Common. CAP dosing in adults is usually 500 milligrams daily for seven to 10 days.