Doctors prescribe this drug to relieve anxiety, reduce seizure activity, decrease muscle spasticity, and induce sleep. Because it has many important medical roles, many people believe the drug is harmless. Many people take too much Xanax and find themselves facing overdose and other serious health complications. It can cause sedation and drowsiness within an hour. Xanax works by suppressing central nervous system activities. This creates feelings of drowsiness and reduces overactive brain and body functions. While a little of the drug can be helpful, too much creates problems. Individuals may experience the following: Severe central nervous system depression can lead to respiratory arrest, loss of consciousness and death. Recreational users often take multiple doses of this drug to maintain their high. This increases the risk of heavy sedation, overdose and death. Marion Downey, NDARC Communications Manager: Professor Shane Darke has recently completed a study which found a big increase in the number of sudden deaths and overdoses where the benzodiazepine alprazolam was involved. Professor Shane Darke: Benzodiazepines are tranquilisers and sleeping tablets. So people use them if for instance they have anxiety disorders, to calm them, or if they’re having trouble sleeping, to aid in sleep. Shane Darke: We did the study because we were seeing evidence amongst drug users, and there was also anecdotal evidence, that there was a problem with this particular drug. And we thought well, what we need to look at is – I suppose you could call it – the pointy end of this: is it being involved in deaths? What we looked at is every death going to the Department of Forensic Medicine in Sydney that had alprazolam detected in their blood. So this is any unnatural death or any sudden or unnatural death in which the drug was detected. Shane Darke: The main findings were there had been a major increase in the number of cases presenting with alprazolam and, more importantly, a major increase in the number of cases where alprazolam was contributing to death. By 2012, there were 86 cases, representing 1 in 20 cases that presented to the Department of Forensic Medicine.
Xanax is the brand name for alprazolam, a prescription medication used to treat anxiety and panic disorder. It’s possible to overdose on Xanax, especially if you take Xanax with other drugs or medications. Xanax is in a class of drugs known as benzodiazepines. These drugs work by boosting the activity of a chemical called gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the brain. GABA helps calm the nerves by inducing feelings of relaxation. Most severe or fatal overdoses happen when Xanax is taken with other drugs — especially opioid pain medications — or alcohol. If you’re taking Xanax, be sure to tell your doctor about any other medications you’re taking. The prescribed amount typically ranges from 0.25 to 0.5 milligrams (mg) per day. This amount may be split between three doses throughout the day. Xanax is an anti-anxiety drug – also known as a benzodiazepine, or benzo – that is used to help people with anxiety disorders or seizures. It is the brand name version of the generic drug alprazolam. Used under the advice of a doctor and as instructed, this substance is generally considered safe. Regular users develop tolerance and will require higher amounts of the drug over time to achieve the same effect as when they started using it. Many people who build tolerance to the drug also become dependent and may develop the type of compulsive use that characterizes addiction. Once a person has become dependent, it can be very risky to stop taking Xanax abruptly. These symptoms are not only uncomfortable, but can be dangerous or even deadly, especially in the case of long-term use or abuse of Xanax. The symptoms include: Seizures are the most dangerous symptom and can result in death. It is possible to minimize these symptoms and get through detox safely by working with a medical professional.
Xanax is a prescription medication in the benzodiazepine category. It is used for short term management of anxiety and panic disorders. Xanax and other benzodiazepines achieve their calming effects by influencing inhibitory GABA neurotransmission. Weakness or fatigue, ataxia and reduced muscle strength place a person at risk of falling. In severe cases, Xanax overdose can cause hallucinations and lead to coma and even death if combined with alcohol or other drugs. Combining Xanax with alcohol and other drugs may also increase the risk of withdrawal symptoms following overdose treatment. A 2014 study in the Journal of Pharmacy Practice indicates between the years 20, Xanax was one of the two prescription drugs with the highest increase in death rates, second only to oxycodone. Xanax is an effective anti-anxiety medication; it is one of the most prescribed within its class. Due in part to this prevalence and its highly addictive nature, it is widely misused, which leads to high rates of abuse and addiction. Research demonstrates that benzodiazepines, often referred to as a “benzos,” are second only to opioid analgesics in terms of unintentional overdose. When used to this extent, it puts a person in a position to experience potentially harmful and even dangerous side effects, one of which is overdose, to the point at which it can be fatal. In order to understand an addiction to this substance, we need to understand the mechanisms of action by which the drug works and its purpose when used as a prescription medication. This will also help us to understand why excessive amounts of the drug can exert effects that lead to overdose. When used properly, Xanax (alprazolam) holds the potential to be a valuable tool in fighting generalized anxiety and other more extreme panic disorders, by helping people to combat their stress and maintain emotional and mental stability in their life. Xanax works towards depressing your central nervous system in a way that creates a calming state and the characteristic signs of sedation.
Alprazolam, alprazolam toxicity, ards, benzodiazepine toxicity, benzodiazepines, bispectral index, cardiac, cardio-pulmonary support, care unit, critical care. Benzodiazepine BZD toxicity may result from overdose or from abuse. Since their introduction in 1960, BZDs have come to be widely used for.