[Posted 12/20/2018]AUDIENCE: Health Professional, Infectious Disease, Cardiology, Patient ISSUE: FDA review found that fluoroquinolone antibiotics can increase the occurrence of rare but serious events of ruptures or tears in the main artery of the body, called the aorta. These tears, called aortic dissections, or ruptures of an aortic aneurysm can lead to dangerous bleeding or even death. They can occur with fluoroquinolones for systemic use given by mouth or through an injection. BACKGROUND: Fluoroquinolone antibiotics are approved to treat certain bacterial infections and have been used for more than 30 years. They work by killing or stopping the growth of bacteria that can cause illness. Without treatment, some infections can spread and lead to serious health problems (see List of Currently Available FDA-Approved Systemic Fluoroquinolones, available at RECOMMENDATION: Healthcare professionals should: Taking ciprofloxacin increases the risk that you will develop tendinitis (swelling of a fibrous tissue that connects a bone to a muscle) or have a tendon rupture (tearing of a fibrous tissue that connects a bone to a muscle) during your treatment or for up to several months afterward. Ciprofloxacin, also called Cipro, is an antibiotic drug. Using Cipro may be ineffective for gonorrhea, and might actually increase the spread of drug-resistant gonorrhea. It is also used to fight some opportunistic infections in people with HIV. NOTE: In 2004, the Centers for Disease Control noted an increase in strains of gonorrhea that are resistant to Cipro among men who have sex with men. For this reason, the CDC recommends the use of other antibiotics by men who have sex with men for treatment of gonorrhea. Cipro is used for a wide range of bacterial infections. Cipro works against some bacteria that are resistant to other antibiotics, including penicillin. Many germs live in our bodies or are common in our surroundings. A healthy immune system can fight them off or keep them under control. However, HIV infection can weaken the immune system. Infections that take advantage of weakened immune defenses are called “opportunistic infections.” People with advanced HIV disease can get opportunistic infections.
The agency also cautioned that these bacteria-fighting drugs -- including levofloxacin (Levaquin) and ciprofloxacin (Cipro) -- shouldn't be prescribed for sinusitis, chronic bronchitis or simple urinary tract infections unless no other treatments options exist."Fluoroquinolones have risks and benefits that should be considered very carefully," Dr. He's director of the Office of Antimicrobial Products at the FDA's Center for Drug Evaluation and Research."It's important that both health care providers and patients are aware of both the risks and benefits of fluoroquinolones and make an informed decision about their use," Cox said. Food and Drug Administration announced Tuesday that it's strengthening label warnings on a class of antibiotics called fluoroquinolones because the drugs can lead to disabling side effects, including long-term nerve damage and ruptured tendons. A safety review revealed that potentially permanent side effects involving tendons, muscles, joints, nerves and the central nervous system can occur hours or weeks after exposure to fluoroquinolone pills or injections. Also, two or more serious side effects can occur together, the FDA said. Because of this, the FDA recommends reserving these antibiotics for serious bacterial infections, such as anthrax, plague and bacterial pneumonia. In these cases, "the benefits of fluoroquinolones outweigh the risks and it is appropriate for them to remain available as a therapeutic option," the agency said. Besides Cipro and Levaquin, other fluoroquinolones include moxifloxacin (Avelox), ofloxacin (Floxin) and gemifloxacin (Factive). DISCLAIMER: This content is provided for informational purposes only. If you have questions about this medicine, talk to your doctor, pharmacist, or health care provider. The content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Patients should always consult their physician with any questions regarding a medical condition and to obtain medical advice and treatment.
Dec 26, 2018. vitamins or herbal products you use. When you take the medicine. • Cipro can be taken with or without food. • Take Cipro with a full, 8-ounce. WebMD provides information about which foods to avoid while taking Cipro Oral. Should I avoid certain foods while taking Cipro? Very Important. A change in your diet, medicine, or dosage may be.